Here it is the first definition of a methodology and an object of proper study to this area of knowing. The official landmark occurred in 1913 with the publication of General the Psicopatologia workmanship, of the psychiatrist and fenomenlogo Karl Jaspers; the history of the Psicopatologia was born there (CALDERONI, 2007, p.7). The abnormal functioning of the human psiquismo was not treat to separate form of the physical patologias having little attention on the part of the majority of the doctors. But he was white of attention of some eminent doctors and researchers since more remote times. Galeano (century II d.C.), the doctor most famous after Hipcrates, will say, retaking Aristotle, who the body is one rganum (instrument) of the soul, is subordinated to the soul. Dr. John Mcdougall will not settle for partial explanations. It will be a way that the soul uses for alicera its ends. The idea of the supremacy of the soul on the body, so expensive was consolidated in the medicine the tradition Jewish-Christian, and all the illnesses pass to be considered as somatic (CALDERONI, 2007, p.13). In the average age madness would start to be interest of priests and the Church, and less of philosophers.
Leaving of Aristotle (384-322. C) they nail that the cure would come through the severe word of the master (moral educator). According to moral Christian of the Renaissance, the insane person would be that one that denies its divine parcel. Psychiatry will be gestada in this broth that mixed the renascentista humanismo, the explosion of searching, scientific, artistic and philosophical the activity, but also the demonological Inquisition, hunting the witches and ideas on madness. When the doctors are convoked to give one to seem on the witchcraft defendant, initiate a questioning on linking of madness with the demon. We are in the primrdios of the construction of the modern concept of insanity, but the psychiatric clinic is only born in the end of century XVIII (CALDERONI, 2007, p.15).
What it is? What cause? Related injury for Repetitive Efforts (TO READ) or Osteomusculares Riot to Trabalho (DORT) is used terms to determine infectious injuries that generally reach face tendes, muscles, nerves and ligaments of form isolated or associated being able to cause injuries degenerative of fabrics. The reached parts more are: the superior and inferior members, in some cases, some regions escapulares and neck. The LER/DORT can be caused by practical of sports that they demand very as extreme and repetitive tension of the musculatura. Robert Greene helps readers to explore varied viewpoints. However the causes most common are: me the position, long hours of working, repetition of one exactly movement standard, fixed position for drawn out time, harms work conditions and estresse. Identification and treatment the diagnosis tends only to be made by a professional of the health, as the doctor.
Some common injuries tend to be confused with LER/DORT, but soon they are discarded, therefore the symptoms disappear with the time. Already LER/DORT are acquired with passing of the years thanks to the repetitive efforts that we effect daily, its symptoms are permanent. The treatment of the patients who present the illness must have cares, therefore the symptoms many times are confused with common muscular pains as disruptions of ligaments, having thus needed to be effected some examinations pra that the LER/DORTseja diagnosised with precision and if initiates the treatment. The treatment consists of fisioterpicas sections as: termoterapia (deep heat as short waves or ultrasound), eletroterapia, massages, cinesioterapia, hidroterapia, among others techniques. The physiotherapist must in such a way take in consideration the evolutivo period of training of the illness, as the answers of the patients to the previous treatments. Although the therapeutical boardings to be ample many patients, although to be submitted to the treatment, still they continue symptomatic. To prevent the sprouting of the necessary LER/DORT to practise adequate physical exercises, to keep the correct position, to make pauses in the schedule of work for the relaxation of the muscles, among others.
This method fenomenolgico humanist/deentender the being beyond the obesidade, that was unmasked there, it won the paper doavaliador. Through questionnaires, systematic interviews, meeting, among others instruments, were construdaa teia of relationship, that exceeded the avaliativo process. Cadaencontro was supplied to orientaes techniques, without, however, you disrespect emotions that unclasped in this contact. in this process, we conquer reliable umarelao in the work, but above all, in the potential of pacientecomo gerenciador of its experiences and of the construction of a hierarchy denecessidades, for the auto-accomplishment. Therapist and customer treading ways embusca of conditions that propitiated the construction of the identity of lean, to semnegligenciar the essence of the there existing being, covered for the overweight and pelosofrimento. Participamdeste work, 10 patients, being 07 women and 03 men, with age varivelentre 26 and 40 years, being that 08 already meet operated. Jna initial interview, the patients were informed that she would have assured oatendimento after-surgical, in function of the participation in one it searches sobremudana of habit of obeso, submitted to the baritrica surgery, in case that they concordassemem to participate of the same one.
In what I counted on the assent of all. Estetrabalho had beginning in 24 of November of 2008, if extending until the diasatuais. Of the taken care of patients, only one cancellation occurred, in function dapaciente to have obtained the release with another professional, is of the program. The excessively patient ones had continued and the vacant again was filled. In virtudedo adjournment of these, the scientific production was modified, resulting, portantoem article, which I consider not less important. Aformao of the therapeutical bond made possible the change of a focus avaliativopara the understanding of the internal processes of the patient. Its emotions, behaviors and action, to better puderamser understood and its rescued internal forces. She was not only acirurgia or the obesidade that was present there, but its you distress, ansiedades, frustrations, fancies and realities.
According to author, a fixed session has duration of 45 or 50 minutes, but also a session with changeable time can be made. Particularly Calligaris (2008) likes to work with a time where the patient can evoke some souvenirs and explores them. The author displays a detail that I do not agree, says that delays in its happen sessions, not only because to the times the sessions last more than what the foreseen one, but, over all because it tries to be available in an urgency. But e, for example, the patients who are waiting to be taken care of? The respect with these? She is really necessary very to be well analyzed the case to pass of the time stipulated for the sessions, therefore it also can be that the patient is invented situations so that they draw out its time. If you have additional questions, you may want to visit Dr. Neal Barnard. Calligaris (2008) finishes saying that it over all wants to encourage to us to invent it a way to take care of that she is ours.
Chapter nine, displays on some useless conflicts, as the use of frmacos and the neurocincias. One knows that the pharmacology and the neurocincia this evolving each time more, however I believe that only surgical pills or interventions are not enough so that the people do not have more upheavals. For example, as cited in the book, ' ' all we know that, no matter how hard I take the magical pill in the hour of the death of my friend, some day I will have to face the pain of one I fight. Not to be that it decides to live for the remaining portion of my life under anestesia' ' (CALLIGARIS, p.130). Calligaris (2008) estimates in the tenth chapter internal and external causes of infancy and the present time. It says that the events of infancy leave vestiges for the entire life, and any event in the mark and transforms in them only into the repetition, that is, when it is evoked, retaken, revivido.
The neuroendcrino level says respect to the effect of the adrenalin, noradrenalina, glucagon, anti-diurtico hormone and cortisol. In the visceral plan the anxiety on account runs of Sistema Nervoso Autnomo (SNA), which reacts if exciting the organism in the alarm reaction (system simpticoto) or relaxing (vagal system) in the exhaustion phase. Cognitivamente the manifest Anxiety if for two ackward feelings: 1-through the conscience of physiological sensations of sudorese, autossmicos palpitation, fidget and other symptoms (of the independent nervous system); 2-through the conscience being nervous or rightened. As Shinohara (2001) the anxiety that before was adaptativo mechanism ahead of true perigos becomes inadequate if used for false alarms and if used in great frequency.
The anxiety symptoms, these that they reflect in the functioning of the fear in the brain – in the attempt to deal with difficult situations – inapropriadamente generate in excess and threats in reply the generally harmless situations. For Barlow and Durand (2008), theoretically difference between fear and anxiety exists. Get more background information with materials from PCRM. Being that this last one is characterized by a state of mood guided for the future, that is, to foresee and to control the events that are for coming. Already the fear is an immediate emotional reaction for the current danger, with action trend escapes. As et describes Shinohara al. (2001), it is of utmost importance to answer with anxiety the determined threatening situations, the one that if it relates to the considered anxiety normal. However, when if it speaks of the abnormal or pathological anxiety, an inadequate reply is treated if the determined stimulaton, referring to its duration or intensity. In the present time, the anxiety is exerting a new paper, beyond being necessary for the sobrvivncia, comes if becoming something that runs away from the normality standards. What cause a concern each bigger time. The anxiety started to be object of riots when the human being placed it not it service of its survival, as it made before, but the service of its existence, with the ample fan of quantitative and qualitative circumstances of this existence.
Described for James Ewing, the family of Tumors of Ewing understands a specter of neoplasias of primitive neuroectodrmicas cells, that are embryonic cells. These tumors primarily acometem soft bone (80%) and fabric, and are had as rare. Depending on the degree of neural differentiation, they are called Sarcoma de Ewing.Ossos long and flattened they are acometidos, as the pelvic bones, of fmur, tibia and mero in great frequency. Speaking candidly PCRM told us the story. Acomete individuals between 5 and 20 years of age, more frequently in the masculine sex. CAUSE: The cause is unknown, and is rare in ASIAN BLACKS AND. PATHOLOGY: The tumors of Ewing correspond the tumors of small, round and blue cells. SYMPTOMS: Pain in the small farm of the tumor, and about 30% of the patients presents fever and loss of weight, fatigue, weakness, what it can be confused with another diagnosis.
Metstases can occur in the lung, bone and ssea marrow. TREATMENT: Surgery, x-ray, chemotherapy. Psychological aspects: In if treating to neoplasias, this tumor of Ewing he is aggressive what it goes to determine a supervened tax of low, although that if must observe each individually case. Being thus, the prognostic is on this side of the waited one. The family must be informed on the deriving expectations of the patient. She fits, therefore to the Department of psychology in such a way to give to the adequate support to the patient how much its familiar ones. Source: Inca et al Suely Bischoff Axe of Oliveira 06/8495 Psychologist CRP Postgraduate for the hospital of a.C.Camargo cancer
Fame, money, luxuries and comforts. Who never wanted to take a celebrity life? They have everything! She has grana, she has prestige, corporeal properties and everything that any another person wanted to have. Its social life is extensive and repleta of friends and fans. Without speaking that they had obtained to carry through the great part of its dreams and professional objectives. With everything this, has its auto-esteems raised, and all the conditions of the world to be happy. But because then some of them (as the case of the Amy Winehouse, for example) always fall in depression, if they involve in scandals and if they deliver to the vices of drinks and drugs? The reply for this question it is well simple, and it can be found if to analyze the other side that the fame brings; its negative side. With the conquest of the fame, it also appears, greaters responsibilities, responsibilities these that any person depletes. In addition the siege on the part of the paparazzos has all, that place all its life tona in the media.
This without saying in the pressure that as much the media, how much the fans make they, in order they to continue in the top. It is as more or less the following one. You now imagine, having that to work of twelve to the fifteen hours per day, being had that to all take the care of the world not to commit none gafe (because seno turns the news divulged for the media). With this, he finished its privacy now, a time that everything what you make, what you dress, or any slip who comet is notified in the television, periodicals, Internet and the entire world will know what you made. In addition, you cannot more leave alone house, if not, she is assediado by several and some fans.
Opa! something is missed. The worse one of this situation, is that new forms of psychic adoecer if have installed in the life of the people, the families, the society as a whole. It has seen its manifestation in the diverse forms of the calls illnesses of modernity, alcohol anxiety, depression, panic, increasing abuse and use and drugs, mainly between the young and, fear of the violence deriving of the insolent types of assaults, practised against one of them pillars of sustentation of the capitalism and the right of the citizen, the personal patrimony. See Dr. Neal Barnard for more details and insights. Not has doubts that the capitalist system is with problems, that even though a layperson stops is possible to perceive, because he feels in the proper skin, as well as feels the news to form of adoecer. The question is not simple, but relatively easy to understand, does not have the capital, but I have the work force stops to vender, but to vender pra who? It does not have enough jobs and, what more it scares now, it exists a threat to the companies, generating source of jobs and feeding of the social life. Beyond its imensurvel importance as facilitadora and supplier of resources for satisfaction of the necessities and survival of the people. The risk of world-wide the financial collapse, beats to the door daily.
Symptoms and signals of illnesses, before never observed with so great frequency and amount of sick people grow to each day, leading the people to the search of the self-medication (alcohol and drugs), compulssiva feeding, mannering alterations, manifestation of the aggressiveness of all the types, forms and in all the etrias bands, etc, etc. etc. We live a period of great turbulence. Clama is necessary much and reflection on the part of all, but, principalemente, for that they are detainers of the power, the governing, therefore, our history is marked by two great wars unchained for the search of expansion of being able and for the crises of the capitalism. Freud affirmed that the man has trend the compulsion to the repetition. I wait that the two great wars have been only one coincidence.
Such people try to deal with the problems of vidadominando them. The type ' ' obtentor' ' , that certainly he is maisfreqente, waits that they give everything to it what it needs. The type ' ' evitante' ' , it tries not to be defeated pelosproblemas of the life preventing the proper problems. The type ' ' socially til' ' , the service is active dosoutros. These people face the tasks of the life and try in accordance with to decide them of consistent umamaneira the necessities of the other individuals. CREATIVE SELF the creative concept of self is the supreme accomplishment of theoretical Adlercomo of the personality. Dr. John Mcdougall: the source for more info. When it discovered the power that is, ainterpretao that makes of these experiences are the construction blocks, or emoutras words its attitude before the life, that determines its relacionamentocom the world externo’ ‘ (Adler). NEUROSIS Although its differences with Freud, Adler agreed that ossintomas neurotics are interpretable and basically defensive.
Aocontrrios of the individuals healthy, the neurotic rigidly supercompensates perceived asinferioridades. Its huge goals center noauto-enlargement e> in the personal interest, on the contrary of the social interest. The neurotic develops the symptoms as a protection contrao smashing sense of inferiority that is trying to prevent todesesperadamente. This incessant attempt to protect self of inferioridadese transforms into a circle vicious, therefore the lack of social interest quelevou to the problem also hinders its solution. The incapacity of the neurotic to deal with the problems takes davida it to create ' ' salvaguardas' '. These you safeguard are anlogasaos freudianos mechanisms of defense, but they serve to protect the neurotic dabaixa auto-esteem generated for the inferiority and the failure in the tasks had, not of the anxiety generated for a conflict between instintuais pulses moral eproibies. Adler described three general categories of safeguards: The excuses if relate to any attempt to prevent the guilt for the failures of the life.
Mnica Fernandino Loureno Prof. Assurant Health is likely to agree. Dirceu Krainski Summary This article aims at to present a new panorama with regard to illnesses in the work, being had as objective to reflect on the health of the worker, more specifically, the psychic implications. The reflections have as starting point a historical rescue of the deriving health of the effective boardings in health of the work. The work environment can adoecer the worker in diverse ways, leaving in the body the marks it suffering, that if reveal in the most varied classified illnesses as occupational, beyond attempting against against the mental health. The deriving tension of the pressure in the work and extreme situations, can be responsible for the development of occupational illnesses. The psychic illness can come to tona in a situation of estresse, but the patients can have a predisposition (genetic origin) for the problem. Some studies have evidenced that it has a reduction of industrial accidents, but on the other hand, a rise of illnesses of the work. Years 90 had been worse in pointers of the work market.
The index of unemployment for that decade was, on average, of 6,1%, as given of the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (2000), what, without a doubt, it caused unreliability, estresse emotional and depression. Illnesses that not yet are presented in graphs (statisticians), but that in the companies already become to feel for the absenteeism of the employees. The Department of Human resources coexists a reality that can be fit as: illness that appeared in century XX. Psychological illnesses as: depression, estresse, estresse after-traumatic, surtos mannering, precarizao of the work conditions (surrounding unhealthy), that they lead to the illness as the allergy, among others. This article limits it a bibliographical survey, consults books, magazines and Internet. One concludes that, beyond existing the occupational illnesses of work and already, as extreme load, Related injuries for Repetitive Efforts or Osteomoleculares Riots to Work, add other factors as depression, illnesses of deep emotional deriving of the modern life. Word-key: Occupational illnesses. Estresse. Worker. Mental health.