Petroselinum crispum (Mill) A. Hill (P. sativum Hoffm. P. hortense auct.) – Parsley Ogorodnaya Sam. Apiaceae (Umbelliferae) – Umbrella Description.
Biennial herb with fusiform, white, fleshy root, in the first year develop: basal rosette, the leaves on long petioles, thrice pinnatisect, ovate, wedge-shaped, small leaves, for the second year develops floriferous stems up to 50 (70) cm, erect, stout, glabrous, furrowed, branched, stem leaves petiolate, prevailing torque. Flowers in umbels of 8-20 complex main beams. Petals 5, yellow-green. The fruit is round-ovoid, grayish-green with prominent ribs filiform, divided into two halves. It flowers from July to August. Distribution. Grown in gardens throughout the country as a seasoning and a vegetable. The ancient cultural plant unclarified origin (probably from South-Eastern Europe or Western Asia).
Cultivated throughout Europe and naturalized. Raw materials. Fruit (Fructus Petroselini) and roots (Radix Petroselini). Content. In all parts of plants, especially many in the fruit, contains essential oil (2 – 7%), and a rich apiolom myristicin. In addition, in the roots, as well as in plodnikah, and in the green part Plants containing flavonoids (apiin, graveobiotsid A). The main action. Diuretic, antispasmodic. Experimental and clinical data. All of the parsley garden has a diuretic effect, due to the presence of essential oils and flavonoids. It is established that due to quantitative differences in the distribution of these components in different parts of the parsley, much more strongly diuretic fruit than the roots. The diuretic effect of essential oil of parsley is the result of direct effects on renal tubules. Spasmolytic effect of parsley is determined primarily by the action of flavonoids contained in it. In acute experiments on cats found that water, ethanol and methanol extracts of parsley cause a significant reduction in blood pressure. High doses of essential oil and alcoholic extract of seeds affects central nervous system, causing mild dizziness. These doses irritate the kidneys and digestive tract and, furthermore, may cause uterine bleeding and miscarriage. Contained in the essential oil of parsley at a dilution of 1:100 myristicin 000, entered the guinea pig, causes severe contraction of the uterus and improves its tone. In experiments calling abortion parsley seeds described many fatal poisonings. Aqueous extracts containing very small amount of essential oil, do not constitute a significant risk. According to studies, parsley juice, applied to people, 77% of cases clearly increases the acidity of gastric juice and enhances the motility of the stomach wall. Method of application. Half a teaspoon of crushed plodnikov insist in a glass of water for 8 hours (daily dose) can be cooked and hot infusion – 4 teaspoons minced root pour 1 / 4 boiling water, strain after 15 minutes – The dose for two days. Most often, roots and seeds of parsley is prescribed in combination with other herbs, such as Herba Equiseti, Folia Betulae, Herba Polygoni aviculare, Radix Ononidis. Fruit and parsley roots are contained in various mixtures of combined diuretic (eg Hydrocorin) or preparations (for example, Nephrisan). – Medicinal Plants