The fire of the Cromagnon Republic nightclub, located in the neighborhood of Once, Buenos Aires, Argentina, occurred on December 30, 2004 on the occasion of a recital of the Callejeros rock group. The audience was mostly young (average 20 years of age), with presence of some children. With respect to the origin, it is believed that the trigger would have been the use of pyrotechnics, (a Bengal, and an item known as three shots, which triggered three explosions with lights on the air). They would have burned in principle the low roof of the place, causing fire of large proportions, with dense smoke. There were great difficulties for the evacuation of the place, which aggravated the consequences of what happened because a: Denso smoke avalanche in the attempt to leave the interpretation of the fire place as part of the door’s closed emergency lack of signposting some of these difficulties show have strict relationship with aspects of behaviour, either because of the perception of the risk situation, the lack of caution, and lack of recognition of threatening situations for the physical integrity of persons. As a result, 194 people were killed and there were hundreds of wounded (derived to the network of public hospitals in the city, the University hospital and private clinics).
The health system responded, the night of the fire, more than 700 patients, (111 died in hospitals) over 100 injured arrived at hospitals in critical condition, most with severe breathing problems by inhaling carbon monoxide. In terms of patients assisted at the Hospital de Clinicas: 50 patients I arrive at the hospital, 25 were dead. 10 patients were assisted in the guard. 15 patients were derived to UTI: 3 killed in the first 48 hours. 12 patients remained hospitalized in ICU. Psychological approach and psychosocial initial period (early hours): the difficulties which occurred during the early hours, conditioned emotional impact on all involved.