Myoma (fibroid) – a benign tumor of the muscle layer of the uterus. Can reach a large size, dense, rounded form. Fibroids may develop in the body of the uterus (95%) or in the cervix (5%). Most often fibroids multiple different sizes. Develop fibroids mainly in women 35-40 years old, young, very rare.
Before puberty, fibroids do not occur. When menopause tumor growth stops, and it may gradually disappear. Depending on the location of the fibroids are three forms: submucous tumor growth, under the mucous membrane in the direction of the uterus. interstitial-intra-musculature fibroids, in a small package asymptomatic, with an increase may diformirovat uterine cavity, causing pain. subserous-growing on the surface of the uterus in the abdomen. Symptoms of uterine fibroids. In the early development of the tumor itself does not manifest, detected at this stage in the routine inspection gynecologist.
It is therefore important to regularly visit a gynecologist (2 times a year). With the growth of fibroids there are various symptoms: menorrhagia, an increasing number of days of menstruation and krovotechnie becomes more abundant anemia is a consequence of menorrhagia metrorrgii-acyclic uterine bleeding, pain-in the lower abdomen and lower back. The nature of pain is different. In case of violation krovoobascheniya in uterine pain may be sudden and sharp. With slow growth of the tumor large-aching pain throughout the entire cycle menstrutsialnogo. If the tumor grows in the uterus cramping pain impaired function of adjacent organs is primarily the bladder and rectum. Tumor growth in the direction of these bodies is sdavlevanie. Because of this, it becomes difficult urination and more frequent. There are chronic constipation. May be a violation of the cardiovascular system: heart pains, decreased tone of the heart muscle treatment in Israel. Treatment of fibroids take place in Israel of Physicians and Surgeons methods. Therapeutic treatments are drugs that inhibit the development and growth of the tumor. For this purpose gormonicheskie drugs (eg, derivatives of progesterone). Other medicines- GnRH agonists inhibit the secretion and cause gonodotropinov psevdomenapauzu. Their use can reduce tumor size by 55%. Therapeutic treatment helps to keep the tumor without any consequences until menopause, when swelling goes away. This treatment is suitable for older women of reproductive age and after menopause. For younger people this treatment is used less frequently.