Infancy And Society

This concept of infancy is therefore, determined historically for modification of the forms of organization of society (2003: 19). In century XVIII, beyond the education the family passed if to interest for the related questions the hygiene and the health of the child, what she led to a considerable reduction of the mortality indices. The changes had benefited the children of the bourgeoisie, therefore the children of the people had continued not to have access to the profits represented for the new conception of infancy, as the right to the education and the cares most specific, being directed for the work. The child leaves the anonymity and slowly she occupies a space of bigger prominence in the society. sources. This evolution brings deep modifications in relation to the education, this had that to look for to take care of the new demands that had been unchained by the valuation of the child, therefore the learning beyond the religious question started to be one of them pillars in the attendance the child.

According to Loureiro: in this period it starts to exist one concern in knowing the mentality of the children in order to adapt the education methods they, facilitating the learning process. An emphasis in the image appears of the child as an angel, ‘ ‘ certification of the innocence batismal’ ‘ e, therefore, next to Christ (2005: 36). The Christian character is perceived which the education of the children was anchored. With the sprouting of the interest in the children, the concern in helping started to acquire them it the beginning of the reason and to make of them adult Christians and rationals. This paradgma guided the education of century XIX and XX. Today, the child is seen as a citizen of rights, situated historically and that she needs to have its physical necessities, cognitivas, psychological, emotional and social supplied, characterizing an integral and integrated attendance of the child. It must have all its respected dimensions. According to Zabalza when citing Fraboni: the historical stage that we are living, strong marked for transformation.

Global World

In spite of continuous " avances" , the human beings of the 21st century we are exhausted creatures. Our bodies and minds, that have been molded throughout million years of evolution, are put under extremely fast changes that as soon as we can assimilate. There examples of the vertiginous change go del that I speak: 1. In the physical surroundings, we have invented more than 10 million new chemical agents; that they are added to the water that we drink, to the air that we breathed, the foods that we eat and our more common homemade products. It is the health that comes. 2.

In the psychological surroundings, our experience of the time and the space, has undergone a drastic change in the last fifty years. We have passed of the time " cclico" (marked by the Nature), to the time " reloj" and now we are immersed in the time " express". What before we could do in 1 week, we do now it in 1 day. The distance that we crossed in a day, now we took 1 hour. You want to speak with me? It connects the moving body. You want to write a letter to me? Mndame a mail. You want to go to some place? Sbete to an airplane.

In fact we lived neither in towns, nor in cities, lived in the Global World. Any news of the last corner of the planet, will arrive to us less than in 1 hour. We are supersaturated! Now that I finish writing the previous thing, I want explicaros that one of the structures that our balance maintains psychic, is the temporo-space organization. Translated, it means, that for the psychiatrists it is very important to verify that our patients are located and oriented temporary and space. A way to define and " estratificar" the time, is the following one: 1.The time second, defines brings back to consciousness precise to be alive, since in that space we breathed.

Cromagnon Republic

The fire of the Cromagnon Republic nightclub, located in the neighborhood of Once, Buenos Aires, Argentina, occurred on December 30, 2004 on the occasion of a recital of the Callejeros rock group. The audience was mostly young (average 20 years of age), with presence of some children. With respect to the origin, it is believed that the trigger would have been the use of pyrotechnics, (a Bengal, and an item known as three shots, which triggered three explosions with lights on the air). They would have burned in principle the low roof of the place, causing fire of large proportions, with dense smoke. There were great difficulties for the evacuation of the place, which aggravated the consequences of what happened because a: Denso smoke avalanche in the attempt to leave the interpretation of the fire place as part of the door’s closed emergency lack of signposting some of these difficulties show have strict relationship with aspects of behaviour, either because of the perception of the risk situation, the lack of caution, and lack of recognition of threatening situations for the physical integrity of persons. As a result, 194 people were killed and there were hundreds of wounded (derived to the network of public hospitals in the city, the University hospital and private clinics).

The health system responded, the night of the fire, more than 700 patients, (111 died in hospitals) over 100 injured arrived at hospitals in critical condition, most with severe breathing problems by inhaling carbon monoxide. In terms of patients assisted at the Hospital de Clinicas: 50 patients I arrive at the hospital, 25 were dead. 10 patients were assisted in the guard. 15 patients were derived to UTI: 3 killed in the first 48 hours. 12 patients remained hospitalized in ICU. Psychological approach and psychosocial initial period (early hours): the difficulties which occurred during the early hours, conditioned emotional impact on all involved.

Bone Health

These nutrients harden the bones and increase its density for the process of construction of a new bone, that is, so that the ssea remodelling happens, therefore the bone being normal have a balance enter the action of the osteoblstos and osteoclasto. The bone is one fabric metabolically dynamic and its rigidity depends on the balance enters the processes of apposition and reabsoro. Thus, alterations in the metabolism, the calcium absorption and the hormonal profile, mainly in women after the menopause, associates to the physical inactivity, contribute for a negative rocking in the balance of the ssea remodelagem, having osteoporose as main consequence (OSCARINO; SERAKIDES, 2005). The skeleton has metabolic and biomtrica function. The characteristic rigidity allows the maintenance of the corporal form, protecting soft fabrics and serving of arcabouo for the ssea marrow, as well as for transmission of the muscular force (SON; GRANDSON; apud BORELLI, 1996, P. 553). The sseo system suffers great influence from the hormonais alterations imposed by the menopause, resulting in a process of bigger ssea reabsoro that the formation process, leading to the physiological reduction of the ssea mass. when this process happens, can result in the appearance of osteoporose, therefore this illness is characterized by low ssea mass and deterioration of the micron-architecture, having lead the fragility of the bone and consequentemente the risk of breakings.

Osteoporose is of great importance socioeconmica, therefore, is recognized as a problem of public health, being the women more the attacks, had to the hormonal process that is one of the factors that the appearance of the illness favors. (OCARINO; SERAKIDES, 2005) 2,3 In agreement Osteoporose Kauffman (2001), osteoporose evidences is it of ' ' bone poroso' ' , it is a more evident pathology that it succeeds the aging. This illness debilitates the bones causing ruptures, and its incidence has extended as our population goes if becoming old. .

Laser Procedure

Laser peels – modern cosmetic procedure, more commonly known as laser skin resurfacing. The laser peel flakes off, remove the outer layer of skin, so this method is ideal for removing fine facial wrinkles, superficial age spots, spider veins and scars of acne. Laser resurfacing may be an alternative to plastic surgery, if the withering of a skin is not strongly expressed. K obvious advantages of laser resurfacing include minimal risk of scarring, shorter recovery period and an excellent aesthetic result after the first procedure. The minus face laser resurfacing can be attributed that the laser does not remove the pigments that lie deep beneath the skin, not solves the problem of wrinkles, since only affects the top layers of skin. To correct these defects requires other techniques.

Laser resurfacing is fully capable to remove crow's feet, shallow wrinkles on the face, neck, upper chest, arms, backs. Constituting a special program, cosmetologist will do so that areas that have undergone laser sanding will not be contrasted with the untreated areas. Laser peeling gives lasting effect: The skin becomes firmer, radiant, supple, and looks much younger and fresher. Laser peel is performed in three stages: predlazer actually a laser peel, postlazer. During predlazera patient in the home causes the skin a special cream, which will prepare the skin for a uniform reaction during the procedure, laser resurfacing and allow avoid unwanted complications. Laser resurfacing itself lasts from 10 to 60 minutes. Can be done either under local anesthesia and under general anesthesia. In the process of laser skin resurfacing laser beam contactless affects the outer layers of the skin at a depth of 1-20 m in such a way that leads to an instantaneous evaporation of fluid from the tissue structures, causing the cells die and mechanism of tissue regeneration.

During procedure, the heat generated by a laser beam, do not have time to penetrate into the deeper layers of skin. Therefore, laser skin resurfacing is called "cold" and does not lead to burn the surrounding tissues. When conducting laser peeling on large areas of skin, preferably a stationary observation for 2-4 days. After the procedure, laser peeling skin requires additional care, this doctor-cosmetologist must warn the patient before the procedure. In during the post-peeling skin smeared with a special cream which helps to quickly restore skin. Also, following procedures are recommended to refrain from prolonged sun exposure and skin treated with laser to better protect cream with uv filters. Restoration of the skin occurs in the last 7 days. In the early postoperative period, the skin has a bright pink color, which can keep for 3-4 weeks in contrast to the tightening skin, laser resurfacing – it's not surgery, it can be done as needed, but only in specialized clinics. Do procedures exist and contraindications. You can not do laser peels person if the skin is inflamed areas. Patients with diabetes, epilepsy and a tendency to form keloid scars laser skin resurfacing is also contraindicated. Finally, do not sign up for laser peeling during exacerbation of chronic diseases. Therefore, before deciding on this procedure, consult with a beautician.

The Unterkieferprotrusionsschienen

The CPAP application is currently the treatment of choice for the treatment of moderate to severe OSAS. The time that the patient CPAP is used in the CPAP equipment registered. Unfortunately, the requisite of a CPAP application is greatly reduced and many patients looking for an alternative method of treatment (6). Almost parallel to the CPAP development an intraoral adapted Zungenretainer was presented by Mrs Cartwright. This shifted the tongue in his sleep to the anterior and opened the pharyngeal airspace. The tongue is held through a vacuum bellows anterior in the night. A year later, Meyer-Ewert examined the effect a mandibular protrusion to the treatment of OSAS.

This was only a mono-block, the so-called Esmarch orthosis, Methymethacrylat without any dental retention. Meyer-Ewert demonstrated that patients with OSAS by a mandibular movement experienced a subjective and clinically verifiable improvement of the overall situation (7). He revived the applied practice with this track, to deal with the snoring through a manipulation of the jaw (8). The Unterkieferprotrusionsschienen have been modified since then varied. There were earlier Mono block apparatus made of hard plastic or modified function orthodontic appliances, such as modified activators, Bionators or Frankel appliances, modern home consist of two tracks, each spanning the entire arch and ensure the necessary lower feed with a Protrusionsvorrichtung. The rails are made of continuous stable rigid soft composite materials.

New information about the adjustment of the Rails, the dental side effects, the Therapiecompliance and the effectiveness the dental resource of for respiratory and cardiovascular control parameters were collected. In addition to the non-invasive therapies, invasive procedures have established themselves, carried pages of ENT doctors (9) and (10) Jaw surgery. The indications were specified for the individual therapies, these modelled according to the severity of the disease, Comorbidities, the psychological strain, the anatomical conditions and various individual parameters which are specifically required by the individual operational forms of therapy.

Why L-glutamine Is Important

Glutamine can not only help to build new muscle tissue because athletes can very often be affected by this problem (common cold), it is advisable at this time of the year to supplementieren, because this can strengthen inter alia the immune system increase the amino acid l glutamine. You have to understand this, that the immune system affected can be affected by a high intensity workout. Therefore, an additional glutamic is supply of great advantage when a compromised immune system. Many are now convinced of the immune advantage by glutamine. This amino acid is then the required supplements for this.

But what exactly is l glutamine actually? L glutamine is a non-essential amino acid (that is, the body can produce these essential amino acids itself) which is found mainly in skeletal muscle. LGlutamin exists but also in the lungs, and plays an important role in protein synthesis (= fed protein is endogenous protein formed). Although the body this Manufacture amino acid itself, to produce this amino acid in sufficiently large load the body unable. For this reason, it comes to a glutamine deficiency which makes itself felt z.B by poor regeneration or poor immune system. But what helps l glutamine, to strengthen the immune system? “1) L-glutamine supplements positively affect after a stressful situation: l is used in the United States Gluutamin long in hospitals to aufzupeppeln a weak patient”. Studies have also shown that the immune system can strengthen this supplement after surgery. (2) hardcore training emptied the body glutamine memory: it is no secret that the regular duration overloading (z.B: by too many and too long workouts) weakens the immune system.

The first signs of a weakened immune system are mainly inertia and fatigue or general fatigue. “If you have these symptoms, this also may be because the glutamine memory” are exhausted, or Your body can produce not enough glutamine to the regeneration. Such symptoms, a targeted glutamic Supplementaion can often cause miracles. (3) a diet can the immune system weakening: If you just are interested to improve your figure and therefore carry a reduced-calorie diet, this can weaken your immune system. This is so, because many athletes in the diet to some vitamins, minerals or just glutamine lead to. Therefore one should be in a calorie-restricted diet ensures sufficient glutamine and vitamin or mineral nutrient supply, because else while your body in top condition is not your immune system but just. More tips to avoid colds: wash your hands regularly! Especially before touching eyes, nose and mouth. Sneezing or coughing you not in your hands, but in your elbow! A disinfectant of advantage may be in high disease rate of colleagues! If you are sick, stay home. It makes sick to go pointless work and to connect with your colleagues! In addition, your State may further deteriorate. How much glutamine per day should I take with me? Recommended are 0.1 0, 3gr / kg body weight. 8 24gr / day, this would be when a man of 80 kg! Final word: Glutamine can not only help to build new muscle tissue. It can also help to preserve a good immune system during acute stress. And a good immune system is always an advantage!

The Effects

In the literature there are sporadic reports on the impact of sGAG on repair of bone tissue 15 however, their role in her recovery so far been studied extremely inadequately. It is also known that bone strength due to the presence in it of hydroxyapatite (HA). However, in the manufacture of many plastic materials HA bone is usually removed. This is to ensure that, after implantation of the organic matrix of bone was the most accessible to the processes of remodeling and bone formation of the recipient. On the other hand, if prepare materials of natural HA, they are usually quite brittle and their strength properties significantly lower than the native bone. Consequently, the strength of bone depends primarily on the structural interaction between collagen and HA 16. The article 'Osteomatriks' almost completely preserved collagen and hydroxyapatite structure of the native bone, but the materials are completely devoid of antigenicity. Great advantage of the materials 'Allomatriks-implant' and 'Osteomatriks' is the fact that they contain bone sGAG, affine-connected and with collagen and HA, which distinguishes them from those in the world of unique and greatly enhances their osteogenic potential.

It is these properties of these materials can effectively use them in cases of osteogenesis imperfecta (false joints of different etiologies, congenital bone, etc.) and other bone pathologies (dental, hand surgery, etc.) 17-20. Thus, summing up the above, we can say with confidence that the tissue bank issued CITO bioplastic materials second and third technological level, have a marked effect on the regeneration of bone tissue, have no side effects and have osteoconductive and osteoinductive properties. That is why when their clinical application received more than 93% of the positive results of treatment in patients with various pathologies of the locomotor apparatus. References: 1. Salai M., Brosh T., Keller N. et al. The effects of prolonged cryopreservation on the biomechanical properties of bone allografts: A microbiological, histological and mechanical study.

Natural Antioxidants

Zitrusflavonoide can help people with venous disorders the flora offers a huge treasure trove of natural products, which could help people to maintain health and health problems. Many of the opportunities arising from it are still not very well known or even exhausted. You are a subject of intense research. Some of the natural substances are already quite well researched and understood at least in sections, how this could benefit the people. They include the Group of secondary plant substances of derived Zitrusflavonoide Diosmin and Hesperidin, which as the name implies, are particularly rich in citrus fruits.

These natural substances have very positive attributes to the venous system and are therefore for people with Chronic Venous weakness (spider veins, varicose veins) of interest. Diseases of the vein system, showing up mostly as varicose veins or spider veins, have become true common diseases. In Germany, millions of women and men almost equally suffer weak veins. And There are more and more. The order of the day when the person concerned is to stabilize the diseased veins. This can be achieved using different methods, partly also good mutually complement each other. Gentle natural methods are preferred by many of those affected. Therefore, natural flavonoids from the lemon is an option that is becoming popular among sufferers.

The consumption of citrus fruit, especially oranges and lemons is commonly considered healthy. This assessment however more refers to the high vitamin C content in the flesh than on other ingredients of the fruit. This is however not quite right. So the lemon peel is especially rich in phytochemicals, which include the flavonoids. Flavonoids have attracted the attention of health research to from a lemon like Diosmin and Hesperidin in recent years, that is, because multiple health effects ascribed to them. Several research have dealt comprehensively with the effects of the flavonoids from the lemon on the vascular system.

PowerPoint

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